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Clockwise from top right: Renshou Lu, Gudou Hotspring Resort, Xinhui Confucian Temple, Zhangdi Lu, & Jingtang Library
Location of Jiangmen in Guangdong
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|City Seat||Pengjiang District|
|• Prefecture-level city||9,443 km2 (3,646 sq mi)|
|• Urban||1,692 km2 (653 sq mi)|
|• Metro||17,573 km2 (6,785 sq mi)|
|Elevation||10 m (30 ft)|
|Population (2010 census)|
|• Prefecture-level city||4,448,871|
|• Density||470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||2,500/km2 (6,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard Time (UTC+8)|
|License plate prefixes||粤J|
"Jiangmen", as written in Chinese calligraphy
|Literal meaning||River gate|
NamesJiangmen has various alternative romanisations including Kong-Moon, Kongmun or Kiangmoon. The area is alternately referred to as Siyi. The name Jiangmen is often the butt of jokes because both Jiangmen and Gāngmén (肛門), the scientific name for the anus, are pronounced identically as Gōngmùhn in Cantonese. One example which came to national attention in early 2012 was a colon cleansing service provider whose advertisement stated: "We wish the people of Jiangmen to have happy anuses"; Jiangmen residents complained that this slogan was uncivilised and insulting. As a result there have been some proposals to change the name of the city, for example a 2009 proposal to change it to "Qiaodu" (侨都, "City of Overseas Chinese").
HistoryThe port of Jiangmen, was forced to open to western trade in 1902. One legacy of this period is an historic waterfront district lined with buildings in the treaty port style. The city has an ongoing renewal project which has restored many of these buildings.
Jiangmen was proclaimed a city in 1951, and later became the administrative capital of the prefecture for the Siyi region which includes Taishan, Kaiping, Xinhui, Enping and Heshan.
In 2011, the city banned pet dogs in public after rabies killed 42 people over the preceding 3 years. The city reserved an 13 acre site to allow rural Chinese to adopt the 30,000 dogs, but public outcry led to a softer implementation where violators would be told to leave rather than have the dog confiscated.
GeographyThe city is located on the lower reaches of the Xijiang or West River, in the west of the Pearl River Delta in the middle of southern Guangdong Province. It faces the South China Sea in the south and is 100 kilometres (62 mi) away from Guangzhou and Zhuhai by highway. Jiangmen city has an area of 9,260 square kilometres (3,580 sq mi), about one quarter the size of the Pearl River Delta.
The climate is subtropical with monsoonal influences. The annual average temperature is 21.8 °C (71.2 °F).
EconomyJiangmen was selected by the Chinese state as a pilot city for a nationwide information programme. It was also chosen by the Pacific Economic Cooperation Council (PECC) as a trial city for the Regional Integration for Sustainable Economics (RISE) project. According to the "Report on Investment Environment in China 2003" by the World Bank, Jiangmen ranked the fourth after Shanghai, Hangzhou and Dalian of 23 cities under evaluation in China. Among various indicators, Jiangmen excelled in infrastructure, labour redundancy, proportion of joint ventures in all firms, informal payments to government, taxation, productivity and the investment rate.
The economic development strategies within Jiangmen focus on the three urban districts, and the south, middle and north lines. It is planned to develop four main economic areas: the central urban district of the city, the Yinzhou Lake (銀州湖) economic area, and two economic areas along the various transport axes.
Manufacturing industriesSimilar to other cities in the western Pearl River Delta, the manufacturing sector plays a significant role in Jiangmen's economy. The chief industries include manufacturing of motorcycles, household appliances, electronics, paper, food processing, synthetic fibers and garments, as well as textiles and stainless steel products. Some worldwide brand names have factories in Jiangmen including Haojue motorcycles, Jingling fan/washing machines, Vinda toilet paper, ABB Group and Lee Kum Kee foods.
Uranium processing plantThe city was the proposed site of a $6.5 billion, 40 billion renminbi, uranium processing plant which would have supplied about half of the enriched uranium needed by China's nuclear power plants. Announcement of the plant in July 2013 was met by public protests. The proposal was withdrawn out of "respect for public opinion" shortly thereafter.
Jiangmen portJiangmen Port is the second largest river port in Guangdong province. The local government plans to develop a harbour industrial zone with heavy industries to include petrochemical and machinery plants, as well as an ocean-based economy.
AdministrationJiangmen has jurisdiction over:
|Map||Name||Simplified Chinese||Hanyu Pinyin||Population
||Jianghai District||江海区||Jiānghǎi Qū||254,365||107||2,377.24|
|Pengjiang District||蓬江区||Péngjiāng Qū||719,120||325||2,212.67|
|Xinhui District||新会区||Xīnhuì Qū||849,155||1,260||673.93|
TransportJiangmen has a mature network of inter-city highway (between Guangzhou, Foshan, Zhuhai, Zhongshan, Yangjiang etc.). It sits astride a key route between Guangzhou and the southwest region of its home province, and also Guangxi Province.
A network of intra-city roadways has been built since the late 1990s to facilitate industrial integration within the city.
Making use of the Jiangmen Port facilities, Chu Kong Passenger Transport (CKS) connects Jiangmen with high speed ferry services to Hong Kong (95 nautical miles) taking about 2.5 hours each way.